Fish makes up 60 percent of the average Ghanaian’s protein diet. It is the next most popular animal protein after chicken and beef. It is expected to overtake them in a few years.
The fishing industry in Ghana is generally made up of marine, inland and aquaculture. With the recent decline in marine catches, aquaculture development has been on the rise. Ghana has a natural potential for aquaculture, yet after years of adoption, aquaculture’s contribution to the economy has been quite low.
According to Ghana’s 2018 budget statement, aquaculture contributed 3.5% to Ghana’s Real Gross Domestic Product, a decline from the 5.7% recorded in 2016.
Stakeholder in the sector believes that the growing population and increasing urbanization in Ghana means the market for Ghanaian aquaculture is also expanding, hence the need to establish Aquaculture Development Fund for fish farmers in Ghana.
The startup capital will help small scale fish farmers to start up new companies. This funding will help the farmers meet their initial costs, such as buying land, building ponds or buying equipment.
Chief Executive Officer of Lartman Farms, Gabriel Nii Adjin Lartey believes that this is the time to establish Aquaculture Development Fund for fish farmers in Ghana and urged the youth to venture into catfish farming to help drive sustainable economic growth.
He mentioned that all the necessary conditions, weather, water, soil and market required to produce catfish are available in Ghana except capital to sometimes start the business.
“I believe that catfish farming will play a critical role in food security, job creation and youth unemployment, yet in Ghana, the youth seems disinterested in it.
“The vision is to train interested and passionate individuals with knowledge on how to produce quality fish for their communities and the country as a whole and also see the aquaculture sector as a good source of income in an expanding market.
“I believe sustainability could be ensured by setting up monitoring bodies that would be physically present on-site to monitor feeding practices and the introduction of other farm inputs rather than relying on reports from farmers that may not represent the reality on the ground,” he said.
He made these remarks during a two-day training organized in Accra to train about 30 small scale fish farmers from different parts of the country to equip them with the requisite skillset on the practicality of setting up and managing their own fish farms.
The Chief Executive Officer of Chamber of Aquaculture Ghana Jacob Adzikah believes that it’s time government and private sector help sustain the Aquaculture industry which will help increase fish production in Ghana.
“It’s time to increase budgetary support for investment in the aquaculture sector; the move can partly address the youth unemployment situation, given the enormous potential of the industry which remains untapped.
“The sector has the capacity to grow over 180,000 metric tonnes per annum but at the moment, the average production is around 64,000 metric tonnes, so the gap is just too huge and we can still do better because we have the best ecosystem for fish production at the moment.
“This training is to help equip and upgrade the knowledge of these 30 small scale fish farmers from different parts of the country; sustainability of aquatic food systems is interwoven between feed and nutrition, breeding technology, disease management and low-impact production to improve efficiency,” he said.
A lecturer at the Department of Marine and Fisheries Sciences University of Ghana, Legon, Dr. Collins Duodo believes that it’s time to diversify catfish into different products.
“Why don’t we have catfish Kebab in Ghana, it’s the simple way to expand and create jobs in the catfish sector.
“You can also explore other value-added strategies such as smoking for those who are unable to reach the market in person,” he said.
A catfish farmer in the Bono Region, Boakye Yiadom Afrieye who was one of the beneficiaries said the training has been an eye-opening one for him and his colleagues because the sector has a lot of opportunities the youth can take advantage of to create jobs for themselves especially when catfish is a local delicacy.
He hopes that the importation of frozen aquatic foods into the country can be reduced or completely banned through increased youth participation in aquatic food systems.
“Although quite a number of us had been farming catfish for some time, most of us had stopped because of numerous problems.
“With this two day training which combined classroom learning with practical work in demonstration ponds; we are going back into production, because most of the issues that forced us out of business were covered in this training,” he said.